However, their work is not limited to treating cancer. Sickle cell disease, an inherited blood disorder that can affect circulation. An oncologist is a doctor who is highly trained to research, diagnose and treat a person with cancer or suspected cancer. These doctors can treat many different types of cancer in various parts of the patient's body.
If you have cancer, an oncologist can build your treatment plan based on pathology reports. It will depend on the type of cancer you have, how much the cancer has developed, and how quickly it is likely to spread. The parts of the body that are involved will also be considered. Oncologists treat early-stage cancer and noninvasive tumors with surgery or radiation therapy.
Advanced cancers that have already spread to different areas of the body may require chemotherapy and other systemic treatments. A radiation oncologist specializes in giving external and internal radiation therapy to people with cancer. During the first visit, the oncologist may perform a physical exam and order additional blood tests, imaging tests, or biopsies. If the tests reveal signs of cancer, the primary care doctor may recommend that the patient visit an oncologist.
A medical oncologist's job is to care for cancer patients through the use of items such as chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy. After graduating from medical school, prospective oncologists must complete a residency program, usually in internal medicine or general surgery, followed by a fellowship in their chosen oncology subfield. During the first appointment, the oncologist will spend time gathering information about the patient's health. Patients with blood disorders are treated by hematologists and many oncologists are also board certified to practice hematology.
It's not uncommon for an oncologist to give a patient a basic prediction of how long it will take to recover. You can also see other oncologists depending on the type of cancer you have and the type of treatment plan you want. Suresh Ratnam is a hematologist and oncologist at Texas Oncology-McAllen, 1901 South 2nd Street in McAllen, Texas. After a primary care doctor finds evidence of cancer, he or she will refer the person to an oncologist for further evaluation.
Usually, a person will see an oncologist if their primary care doctor suspects they have cancer. Read on to learn more about oncologists, including different types of oncology, some methods specialists use to treat cancer, and more. Some oncologists specialize in giving specific therapies, such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or surgery. Once the person finishes treatment, they will attend regular follow-up appointments with their medical oncologist.
Surgical oncologists may recommend different treatment options based on the information they collect from biopsies, imaging tests, and other laboratory tests.