The goal of surgery is to remove the cancer or as much of the cancer as possible, chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells, Radiotherapy. If you have cancer, your doctor will recommend one or more ways to treat the disease. The most common treatments are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
Other options include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, laser, hormonal therapy, and others. This is an overview of the different treatments for cancer and how they work. Treatments for cancer include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, as well as newer techniques, such as interventional radiology and immunotherapy. Find basic information about cancer treatment and learn more about what to expect as a patient or caregiver at Memorial Sloan Kettering.
Treating cancer with surgery works best if you have a solid tumor in one area. Often, it can't treat cancer that has spread or cancer that is in the blood, such as leukemia. The surgeon makes an incision in the skin with a scalpel or other sharp instrument and removes as much of the tumor as possible. They can also remove lymph nodes and other tissues for analysis.
Chemotherapy is one of the most common types of cancer treatment. Learn about the different types of cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. The information provided in this document should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. This treatment attacks cancer cells with high-energy particles (proton or particle therapy) or waves (x-rays).
Doctors use hormone therapy with other methods to reduce the size of tumors before surgery or treatment, or to kill cancer cells that have spread to other parts of the body. Some treatments may be given to reduce the side effects of other treatments and make you more comfortable. Combining immunotherapy with other types of cancer treatment may work better than individual therapies alone. Know the signs and symptoms to call your doctor about, ways to manage these problems, and treatment options.
The National Cancer Institute provides lists of questions to ask your doctor about your diagnosis and treatment. A licensed physician should be consulted for the diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that depends on the body's ability to fight infections (immune system). Find research articles on cancer treatment, which may include news, clinical trials, blog posts, and descriptions of active studies.
Suggested questions to ask your doctor about treatment options and possible side effects of cancer treatment. The types of treatment you receive will depend on the type of cancer you have and how advanced you are.