Substantive the study and treatment of tumors. An oncology consultant suggested radiation therapy for lung and head injury. Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care to a person who has been diagnosed with cancer.
The oncologist may also be called a cancer specialist. The term oncology literally means a branch of science that deals with tumors and cancers. The word “onco” means volume, mass or tumor, while “-logy” means study. Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with tumors and cancer.
A doctor who practices oncology is called an oncologist. Depending on the grade and stage of the cancer, oncologists help plan the right therapy for each of their patients. Since then, I have participated in in-person and online support groups, joined retreats, and met countless health professionals who specialize in oncology as I continue my research. Oncology and oncology research involves screening for cancer in the general population and evaluating patients' family members (for types of cancer thought to have an inherited basis).
There are also medical terms for oncologists who specialize in caring for specific groups of patients or groups of cancer. Radiation oncologists treat cancer with radiation therapy, which involves the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to kill cancer cells. Surgical oncologists treat cancer through surgery, which includes removing the tumor and nearby tissue during an operation. Urological oncologists treat cancers of the genitourinary system, such as the bladder, kidneys, penis, prostate, and testicles.
You probably think of cancer treatment as a modern practice, but the word oncology has its roots in ancient Greek. The oncologist is also responsible for palliative or symptomatic care in patients with terminal malignancies. After initial therapy is complete, the oncologist is responsible for monitoring the patient for relapse and remission. Oncology relies on diagnostic tools, such as biopsy or removing fragments of tumor tissue and examining them under a microscope.
A tremendous amount of research is underway in all areas of oncology, ranging from cancer cell biology to chemotherapy treatment regimens and optimal palliative care and pain relief. That means that different types of oncologists and other healthcare providers work together to create an overall patient treatment plan. They want me to go there for oncology because I finished breast cancer and they removed a lump and finished treatment with radiation therapy. Medical oncologists treat cancer with medications, such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.